In the previous sections we have reviewed how an essay is structured, how to choose topics for it, delimiting them, how an introduction is made and how we can do the development or the argumentation of the essay. Now it’s time for us to learn how to make a conclusion.
How to make a conclusion?
The conclusion, in itself, consists of two parts: the recapitulation of the hypothesis and ideas developed during the body of the essay, the arguments (whether in favor or against); and the final idea, reflection or point of view, that proposes to the reader an interpretation of the results obtained throughout the essay.
Something that we must take into account, and that is essential when learning how to make a conclusion, is to return to the hypothesis and the main question that led us to formulate it, but without repeating them, which we will understand how to do right away, when talking about the recapitulation of ideas, and that will work to not seem repetitive or annoy the reader.
It is important that, when recapitulating the main ideas of the essay, we seek not to repeat them in an identical way, or with the same extension with which we expounded them. Let us take advantage of the fact that, in the mind of the reader, these ideas continue to have an almost immediate temporal validity, to only propitiate their resurgence with a few words. For example, if we mention that socks were created in a remote period, just after gloves, and were used only in winter, since footwear was born centuries before and were not deemed necessary yet, we can refer simply to “the time when socks appeared “, without mentioning dates or assumptions about their origin. You have to find the best way to recapitulate, with the least number of words we can (but clearly), the whole body of the essay because, if an argument is out or was not related to the conclusive idea, they will remain, as they say, ” loose ends “and the essay will lose credibility. We must take into account that the arguments are added as the trial progresses and if, for example, argument number three we use is the result of the first two arguments, we can only recapitulate the latter. However, we must be careful that this argument, which synthesizes two others, reflects or contains implicit.
Another important point that we must take into account is that we should not introduce new arguments in the conclusion.
What we must introduce in it is a reflection, a final comment, our point of view, regarding the results of our essay. In this sense, being a free essay, we will seek that our essay, to have a greater influence on readers, concludes with an aspect that is close to the universal, and not to the particular. If, for example, we talk about sadness and crocodile tears, we will try to conclude with affirmations not in the first person, but include the reader as well: “And if with the tears of crocodile our heart is not cleaned of poison, it is good to cry of sadness, as also it is to cry of happiness “. And not: “And if with the tears of crocodile my heart is not cleansed of poison, it is good that I cry of sadness, as I also cry of happiness”.
(The development of the three previous paragraphs arose from the points indicated in the following text: Writing Skills for Accounting Students.)
Recall, now that we learned how to make a conclusion and we already have the bases of how to do a test well, in its entirety, that the most important thing is the reader, and if this is not taken into account when doing our work, It is possible that we are not taken into account to be read attentively.